Ruby Throated Hummingbird Facts

Last Updated on April 22, 2023 by naime

Hey there, fellow bird enthusiasts! As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I am thrilled to be sharing some fascinating facts about these tiny yet mighty creatures. First and foremost, did you know that the ruby-throated hummingbird is the only species of hummingbird that breeds in eastern North America?

These incredible birds are known for their vibrant emerald green feathers and iridescent red throat patch (hence their name). But beyond their striking appearance, they possess an array of unique characteristics that make them one of the most captivating bird species around. So sit back, relax, and prepare to have your mind blown by some amazing ruby-throated hummingbird facts!

Where To Find Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds

The ruby-throated hummingbird is a bird that can be found in North America. These birds are known for their vibrant colors, with males sporting an iridescent green back and bright red throat patch. In order to see these beautiful creatures, you’ll need to know where they like to hang out.

One of the best places to look for ruby-throated hummingbirds is near flowering plants. Hummingbirds feed on nectar and insects, so gardens or parks filled with brightly colored flowers will often attract them. Look for trumpet-shaped flowers, as these are especially appealing to hummingbirds.

Another good spot to find ruby-throated hummingbirds is by water sources such as streams or ponds. These birds need water not only for drinking but also for bathing and preening their feathers. You might even catch them darting through tiny droplets of mist hovering over a fountain or sprinkler system.

If you’re up for a challenge, try looking for ruby-throated hummingbirds during migration season. These birds make an incredible journey from Central America all the way up to Canada each year. While some may fly non-stop across the Gulf of Mexico (a distance of about 500 miles), others follow land routes along the eastern coast.

Whether you’re a seasoned birder or just starting out, spotting a ruby-throated hummingbird in its natural habitat is sure to be a thrilling experience. Keep your eyes peeled and your ears open – with a little patience and luck, you might just catch one buzzing by!

Physical Characteristics And Appearance

The ruby-throated hummingbird’s coloring is mainly a bright green and white with a distinctive ruby-red throat. Its wingspan is usually between 3-4 inches and its size is usually between 2-3.5 inches. Its bill is slender and curved and its tail is long and pointed. Lastly, it has a very distinctive gape — the area between its bill and forehead — that is not found in any other species.


As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I can attest to their stunning coloring. These tiny birds are known for their iridescent green feathers that shimmer in the sunlight. Their wings and tail feathers are also a beautiful metallic green hue, making them easy to spot amongst other birds.

One of the most striking features of the male ruby-throated hummingbird is its namesake throat patch. This bright red patch on their necks glows like a jewel when they catch the light just right. It’s used as a display during mating season to attract females, and it definitely does the trick! The female ruby-throat lacks this feature but makes up for it with her subtle beauty.

While these birds may seem small and delicate, they’re actually quite fierce. When threatened or competing with another bird over territory or food, males will puff out their throats and make aggressive buzzing sounds while showing off their vibrant plumage. They truly are a spectacle to behold!

In conclusion, the physical characteristics and appearance of ruby-throated hummingbirds are nothing short of remarkable. From their shimmering green feathers to their dazzling red throats, these tiny creatures pack a big punch in terms of beauty and strength. As an expert on these incredible birds, I could go on about their many fascinating traits forever!


As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I am constantly amazed by the unique physical characteristics of these tiny birds. Along with their striking green feathers and vibrant red throat patch, their wingspan is also a notable feature that sets them apart from other bird species.

Despite their small size, ruby-throated hummingbirds have surprisingly long wings compared to their body length. In fact, their wingspan can reach up to four inches! This allows them to hover in mid-air for extended periods while they feed on nectar or catch insects in flight.

Their wings are also incredibly flexible and capable of rapid movement. Ruby-throated hummingbirds can flap their wings at an astonishing rate of 53 beats per second during courtship displays or when flying upwards. Their ability to maneuver through the air with such ease is truly remarkable.

In addition, the shape of their wings plays a crucial role in how they fly. The curved shape helps create lift and generate thrust, allowing them to move quickly and efficiently through the air without expending too much energy. It’s no wonder why these little creatures are often referred to as "flying jewels."

Overall, the impressive wingspan of ruby-throated hummingbirds is just one more fascinating aspect of their physical appearance. These tiny birds may be delicate in size but don’t let that fool you – they’re powerful flyers who can hold their own against larger bird species.

Feeding Habits And Diet

Feeding Habits and Diet:

Ruby-throated hummingbirds are known for their unique feeding habits. These birds mainly feed on nectar from flowers, but they also consume insects and spiders to supplement their protein intake. They have a long beak that allows them to reach deep into flowers to retrieve the sweet nectar.

Hummingbirds require a lot of energy as they flap their wings up to 70 times per second while hovering in place. Due to this high metabolism, these tiny creatures need to eat frequently throughout the day. On average, a ruby-throated hummingbird needs to consume half its body weight in sugar daily just to survive.

Interestingly enough, during migration periods, when food sources may be scarce or non-existent, some hummingbirds can go into torpor. This is similar to hibernation where their body temperature drops significantly, allowing them to conserve energy until they can find more food.

To attract these beautiful birds to your garden, you should plant brightly colored flowers rich in nectar such as salvia or bee balm. Additionally, providing a feeder with fresh nectar will also entice them. It’s important not to use red dye in homemade nectar solutions as it has been linked to health issues in hummingbirds.

Overall, ruby-throated hummingbirds have fascinating feeding habits and dietary requirements that make them truly unique among other bird species. These small wonders never cease to amaze us with their incredible abilities and beauty.

See also  Ruby Throated Hummingbird Lifespan

Migration Patterns And Behaviors

Now that we have discussed the feeding habits and diet of ruby-throated hummingbirds, you may be wondering how they survive during their long migration. It’s true that these tiny birds face many challenges on their journey, including finding enough food and avoiding predators.

Despite their small size, ruby-throated hummingbirds are able to travel incredible distances each year. Some individuals fly more than 2,000 miles from their breeding grounds in North America to wintering areas in Central America or even South America. This impressive feat requires a great deal of energy, which is why hummingbirds must consume large amounts of nectar and insects before beginning their journey.

During migration, ruby-throated hummingbirds rely heavily on stopover sites where they can rest and refuel. These sites provide critical resources like flowers and insects that help them replenish their energy reserves for the next leg of their journey. Without these stopovers, it would be nearly impossible for hummingbirds to complete such a demanding trip.

In addition to using stopover sites, ruby-throated hummingbirds also employ other strategies to conserve energy while migrating. For example, they often take advantage of favorable wind conditions by flying at high altitudes in tailwinds. By doing so, they’re able to cover greater distances with less effort – an important adaptation for a bird that relies so heavily on its flight abilities.

Understanding the migration patterns and behaviors of ruby-throated hummingbirds is crucial for conservation efforts aimed at protecting this species throughout its range. By providing key habitats along migratory routes and reducing threats like habitat loss and climate change, we can help ensure that future generations will continue to marvel at the endurance and beauty of these amazing birds.

Breeding And Nesting

Nest building is a crucial part of a ruby-throated hummingbird’s life cycle, as they have to construct a safe place for them to lay their eggs. They’ll usually build their nests near the top of a tree or bush, using spiderwebs and plant material to bind it together. After the nest is built, the female hummingbird will lay her eggs, usually two at a time. Once the eggs are laid, she’ll take on the task of incubation. During this period, she’ll stay with the eggs, keeping them warm and sheltered until they hatch. It’s a labor of love that’s essential for the survival of her young.

Nest Building

Have you ever wondered how the tiny ruby-throated hummingbird builds its nest? Despite being only a few inches in size, these birds are excellent builders and construct their nests with great care. Nest building is an essential aspect of breeding and nesting for this species.

The female ruby-throated hummingbird takes on the task of building the nest entirely by herself. She uses various materials to create a small cup-shaped nest that can stretch up to 2 inches wide and 1 inch deep. The primary material used for construction is spider silk, which she weaves into lichen, moss, and other plant fibers to make a sturdy structure. This combination creates a soft cushion-like platform for her eggs.

Once the framework is complete, the female hummer lines it with soft feathers or fur from animals such as rabbits or squirrels. This lining helps keep the egg warm while providing insulation against harsh weather conditions. It’s fascinating to note that each year; the bird will build a new nest instead of using an old one.

After constructing her perfect little abode, the female lays two white pea-sized eggs inside it. She spends most of her time incubating them until they hatch after about 14-15 days. Once hatched, she feeds and cares for her chicks continuously over several weeks until they’re strong enough to leave the nest.

In conclusion, watching ruby-throated hummingbirds build their nests is nothing less than awe-inspiring! They put so much effort into creating just the right home for their young ones. From gathering materials like spider silk and moss to meticulously weaving them together – every step in their process reflects careful planning and attention to detail. Truly remarkable creatures!

Egg Laying

As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I am fascinated by these tiny creatures’ breeding and nesting behavior. Nest building is just the beginning of their process, as these birds also lay eggs inside them. The female hummer typically lays two white pea-sized eggs in her carefully crafted nest.

Egg laying is an essential aspect of the breeding process for ruby-throated hummingbirds. Once the female has constructed her perfect little abode using spider silk, lichen, moss, and other plant fibers, she will lay her eggs inside it. For about 14-15 days, she spends most of her time incubating the eggs until they hatch into healthy chicks.

It’s fascinating to watch how devoted these birds are to their young ones. After hatching, the female stays with her chicks almost continuously over several weeks, feeding and caring for them until they’re strong enough to leave the nest.

Overall, egg-laying plays a crucial role in the entire reproductive cycle of ruby-throated hummingbirds. Watching this process unfold before our eyes can be a truly remarkable experience that highlights just how well-adapted these incredible creatures are at reproducing effectively in nature.


As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I find that observing their breeding and nesting behavior is always fascinating. Nest building is just the beginning of their process as these birds also lay eggs inside them. Once the female has constructed her perfect little abode using spider silk, lichen, moss, and other plant fibers, she will lay her eggs inside it.

Incubation plays an essential role in the entire reproductive cycle of ruby-throated hummingbirds. After laying her two white pea-sized eggs, the female spends most of her time incubating them for about 14-15 days until they hatch into healthy chicks. During this period, she barely leaves the nest except to collect food or water.

It’s remarkable how devoted these tiny creatures are to their young ones. After hatching, the mother stays with her chicks almost continuously over several weeks, feeding and caring for them until they’re strong enough to leave the nest. The male also assists in providing food when necessary.

Observing the entire breeding and nesting process of ruby-throated hummingbirds can be a truly remarkable experience. It highlights just how well-adapted these incredible creatures are at reproducing effectively in nature. From nest building to egg-laying to incubation and finally fledging, every step of this process showcases their resilience and dedication towards ensuring future generations thrive successfully.

See also  Ruby Throated Hummingbird Migration

Conservation Efforts And Threats

As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I can say that these beautiful birds are facing several threats in their natural habitat. One of the biggest threats to their survival is habitat loss due to deforestation, climate change, and urbanization. With shrinking habitats and food sources becoming scarce, it’s challenging for them to survive.

Apart from habitat loss, another significant threat to ruby-throated hummingbirds is pesticide use. Pesticides used in agriculture can be toxic to these tiny birds by killing off their food sources or directly harming them. It’s important for farmers and gardeners alike to be cautious while using pesticides and opt for more eco-friendly alternatives.

Conservation efforts have been underway across various states where ruby-throated hummingbirds reside. These conservation programs aim at protecting the bird’s habitat by creating wildlife sanctuaries, setting up nesting boxes, planting native flowers that provide nectar-rich food sources, etc. Some organizations also run awareness campaigns educating people about the importance of preserving these lovely creatures.

It’s crucial that we take necessary steps now before it’s too late. If we don’t act fast enough, this species might become extinct soon. As responsible citizens who care about our planet and its inhabitants, let us pledge to do our bit towards saving these charismatic little birds by supporting conservation initiatives whenever possible.

Fun Facts And Trivia

Despite conservation efforts, the ruby-throated hummingbird population is still facing threats. It’s important to note that these tiny birds play a crucial role in pollinating flowers and spreading biodiversity. Without them, our ecosystem would be greatly impacted.

Did you know that male ruby-throated hummingbirds are known for their aerial displays? During mating season, males will fly up to 60 feet into the air and then rapidly descend while making a distinct noise with their tail feathers. This behavior not only attracts females but also serves as a territorial display for other males.

Here are some fun facts about ruby-throated hummingbirds:

  • They have an incredibly fast metabolism; their heart rate can reach up to 1,260 beats per minute.
  • Despite being small, they have incredible endurance and can fly non-stop for up to 18 hours during migration.
  • Ruby-throated hummingbirds are able to hover in mid-air by flapping their wings at nearly 50 times per second.

As experts on this species, it’s important for us to continue educating others on the importance of protecting these birds. By providing resources such as nectar feeders and planting native flowers, we can create habitats that support the growth of the ruby-throated hummingbird population.

Let’s work together to ensure that future generations can enjoy watching these magnificent creatures zip through our gardens and parks.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Do Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds Live?

Ruby-throated hummingbirds are known for their vibrant colors and unique features. One of the most commonly asked questions about these beautiful birds is how long they live. As an expert on ruby-throated hummingbirds, I can tell you that they typically have a lifespan of 3 to 5 years in the wild. However, some individuals have been known to live up to 10 years or more! Their longevity largely depends on factors such as habitat quality, food availability and predation rates. It’s important to note that while these tiny creatures may not live for very long, they certainly make the most out of their time by traveling thousands of miles during migration season and playing a crucial role in pollination.

Do Male And Female Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds Look Different?

Male and female ruby-throated hummingbirds do indeed have distinct physical differences. Males have a vibrant iridescent red throat patch, or gorget, that gives them their name. Females lack this feature and instead have a white throat with green speckles. Additionally, males tend to be slightly smaller in size than females. These differences can help birdwatchers distinguish between the sexes when observing these magnificent creatures in the wild.

Can Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds Fly Backwards?

Yes, ruby-throated hummingbirds are able to fly backwards! This is due to their unique wing structure and the ability to rotate their wings in a full circle. They can also hover in place for extended periods of time, making them excellent at feeding from flowers that require precise positioning. These tiny birds have incredible flight abilities and are fascinating creatures to observe in action.

How Many Eggs Do Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds Lay Per Clutch?

As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I can tell you that these tiny birds are truly remarkable creatures. Did you know that each female only lays 1-3 eggs per clutch? This may seem like a small number, but it’s actually quite impressive when you consider the size of the bird and the energy required to produce an egg. Imagine carrying an egg that’s nearly half your body weight! For these little hummers, every ounce counts as they migrate thousands of miles each year. So next time you see a ruby-throated hummingbird darting around your garden, take a moment to appreciate the incredible effort it takes for them to lay even just one precious egg.

How Do Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds Communicate With Each Other?

Ruby-throated hummingbirds communicate with each other through a variety of vocalizations and physical displays. They use chirps, squeaks, and trills to convey messages such as territorial boundaries or courtship attempts. Additionally, males may perform aerial displays like swooping and hovering to impress potential mates. These tiny birds also have an impressive memory that allows them to recognize individual flowers and feeding locations, which they can communicate to others in their social group. By using these forms of communication, ruby-throated hummingbirds are able to navigate their environment and establish successful breeding territories.


As a ruby-throated hummingbird expert, I hope you’ve enjoyed learning about these incredible birds. Did you know that they can live up to 10 years in the wild? That’s quite an impressive lifespan for such tiny creatures.

Male and female ruby-throated hummingbirds do look different, with males having the vibrant red throat patch that gives them their name. And yes, they are able to fly backwards thanks to their unique wing structure.

When it comes to communication, these hummingbirds use vocalizations and body language to interact with each other. And did you know that a female will lay just two eggs per clutch?

As we wrap up this article, I want you to picture yourself sitting outside on a warm summer day. You hear the buzzing of wings as a ruby-throated hummingbird flits by, its bright colors shining in the sun. These beautiful birds truly are wonders of nature, and it’s been my pleasure to share some facts about them with you today.

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