Types Of Poultry Birds

Last Updated on April 12, 2023 by

Poultry birds are a popular choice for many people who want to raise animals at their home. There’s something for everyone, from chickens and turkeys to ducks and geese.

Whether you’re looking for eggs, meat or companionship, there are plenty of types of poultry birds available to choose from. In this article, we’ll explore the different kinds of poultry birds that can be kept as pets or raised on farms.


Chickens are one of the most popular types of poultry birds. They come in many different varieties, from big and robust roosters to small bantams. Chickens provide both eggs and meat for consumption and have been domesticated by humans for centuries.

Their feathers can be used for a variety of purposes as well, such as making pillows or even clothing. Chickens make great pets too; they’re often friendly, social animals that enjoy interacting with their owners. With proper care, chickens can live up to 15 years!

The sheer versatility of chickens makes them an ideal choice for anyone looking to raise poultry birds. Whether you want hens strictly for egg production or simply some feathered friends around the house, there is sure to be a breed out there perfect for your needs. As long as they’re given enough space and cared for properly, chickens will thrive in any environment.

Moving on then to turkeys…


Though chickens have been a popular source of poultry for centuries, some may argue that turkeys should be the preferred choice. Compared to chickens, turkeys offer much more meat and they are relatively easy to raise in any backyard setting. With proper care, these large birds can provide an ample supply of protein-rich meals throughout the year.

When it comes to cooking turkey, there is no shortage of recipes that highlight its unique flavor and texture. Roasting is one of the most common methods used to prepare this bird as it brings out the best in both taste and presentation.

Turkey also makes great additions to salads, soups, sandwiches, stews, casseroles and much more! By taking advantage of all these different approaches when preparing meals with turkey, anyone can easily develop an array of delicious options without ever getting bored.

With their versatility in mind and many nutritional benefits, ducks make an excellent addition to any poultry farm or kitchen routine.


Ducks are a common type of poultry bird, and their popularity is due to the range of breeds available. They can be categorized according to:

  1. Size:

    • Dwarf ducks
    • Medium-sized ducks
    • Large Ducks
  2. Color/Plumage:

    • White Ducks (e.g., Pekin duck)
    • Black Ducks (e.g., Muscovy duck)
    • Colored Duck Breeds (e.g., Indian Runner Duck)
  3. Purpose:

    • Meat production (e.g., Aylesbury duck)
    • Egg production (e.g., Khaki Campbell duck)
    • Ornamental purposes (e.g., Magpie duck)

Their diet consists mainly of grains and green vegetation, with some also enjoying small animals such as snails or worms for added protein intake.

As well as being kept as pets, many people breed them for their eggs, meat or feathers which have various uses in both fashion and industry.

With this versatility and ease of keeping, it’s no wonder why so many find themselves drawn to these birds!

Turning our attention now to geese…


Ah, geese! Those long-necked and gregarious birds that take to the skies in elegant V-formations. With their unmistakable honks and gleeful grace, they are a sight to behold.

Of all types of poultry birds, geese can be among the most rewarding to raise due to their friendly nature and propensity for affection towards humans – so much so that many people consider them pets rather than livestock. Their beauty goes beyond simply physical characteristics, however; these birds possess remarkable intelligence as well as protective instinct when it comes to caring for their young.

Geese have even been known to intervene on behalf of children who find themselves in danger! All in all, these majestic creatures are truly fascinating to observe.

Moving right along then…

Quail offer yet another unique experience within the realm of poultry husbandry.


Geese have been farmed for centuries, providing meat and eggs to people around the world. Their loud honking sound is often a sign that spring has arrived in many regions.

Quail are smaller than geese but don’t lack any flavor when it comes to eating them; they can be found on dinner tables, served as an appetizer or even main course. Quail eggs also offer a unique taste, with some saying they’re much tastier than chicken eggs. The small size of quail means more birds can be kept per acre compared to larger poultry such as geese. This makes them ideal for farmers who want to maximize their production while taking up less space. With their tasty meat and egg options, quail provide plenty of culinary possibilities.

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Moving onto guinea fowl, these birds bring something different to the table…

Guinea Fowl

Guinea fowls are a species of birds that are native to Africa and Madagascar. They have distinctive, round heads with small horns or knobs on their beak and they range in size from 22-26 inches long. These birds can also be identified by their dark gray feathers which contain white spots that resemble pearls. Guinea fowls feed primarily on insects, worms and other invertebrates that they find in the grasslands where they live but they will also eat seeds, fruits and berries when available.

Unlike chickens, guinea fowls do not need special housing as they prefer to roost outdoors in trees at night for protection against predators. When it comes to raising guinea fowls commercially, farmers must pay close attention to the amount of food provided as too much food can lead to health problems such as obesity or egg binding due to excessive fat deposits in the abdomen of the bird.

With careful management though, these hardy birds can provide an excellent source of lean meat and eggs for consumption.

Moving on, let’s take a look at peafowl…


Peafowl are a type of poultry bird and consist of two species: the blue peafowl, which is native to South Asia, and the green peafowl, found in Southeast Asia. These birds can grow up to 4 feet tall from head to tail feathers with males having colorful plumage while females are usually brown-colored.

Their diet consists mainly of insects, plants, fruits and small creatures such as rodents or lizards. Peafowl also have an interesting courtship ritual where the male displays his brightly colored feathers to attract potential mates:

  • For Blue Peafowl (Pavo cristatus):

  • The male will spread out its feathers creating a fan-like display and producing loud calls by rapidly drumming their wings against their sides.

  • He may even walk around strutting his feathers before bowing down on one knee towards the female in order to court her.

  • For Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus):

  • The behavior is more subdued compared to that of its blue counterpart but it does use its beautiful feathers for attracting mates during courtship season.

  • Male Green Peafowls do not dance like Blue Peacocks but they instead make low noises that sound like soft purring.

They roost in trees at night and sleep standing upright with support from their neck muscles due to their long tails weighing them down.

With such diverse behaviors between different types of peafowl, it’s no wonder why these birds have been admired for centuries across many cultures worldwide!

Moving on, let’s explore another type of poultry bird – pheasants!


Pheasants are a type of poultry bird, and there are several varieties to be found all across the world. They have long tails with beautiful markings that make them stand out from other birds.

Many people keep pheasants as pets due to their attractive appearance and intelligence. Pheasant owners need to take special care when housing these birds, as they require more space than chickens or ducks. Additionally, pheasants tend to fly away if not properly contained in an enclosure, so fencing is essential for keeping them safe and secure.

Their diet can also vary widely depending on which species you own – some will eat insects while others favor grains and seeds. It’s important to research each breed before deciding whether it’s suitable for your home.

With the proper environment, nutrition, and love, pheasants can provide hours of entertainment and companionship.

Moving on from here, emus are another type of poultry bird that deserve attention.


Emus are an impressive species of bird. They have long legs that allow them to reach heights of up to 6 feet tall, making them the second largest living birds in the world after ostriches.

With their distinctive yellow-brown feathers and long necks, it’s easy to see why they’re so majestic. These incredible creatures can travel great distances at speeds of over 30 mph – a feat made possible by their strong claws which help them grip onto surfaces as they run.

Emus also possess excellent hearing, enabling them to detect potential predators from far away. Their sharp vision is another key part of helping them stay safe; these birds use their keen eyesight to spot food sources like fruits and seeds on the ground.

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In summary, emus are remarkable animals with many unique traits that make them stand out among other types of poultry birds. From their towering height to their lightning speed and powerful senses, there’s no doubt that these fascinating creatures deserve our admiration!

Frequently Asked Questions

How Often Do Poultry Birds Need To Be Fed?

Feeding poultry birds is an important part of owning them. How often they should be fed depends on the type and age of bird, but in general they need to be provided with food multiple times a day.

Young chicks will require more frequent feedings than adult birds, while laying hens may need special diets. Knowing when and how much to feed your birds can help keep them healthy and happy.

What Is The Best Way To Care For Young Poultry Birds?

When it comes to caring for young poultry birds, there is no one-size-fits-all approach; however, according to the National Chicken Council, more than 8 billion chickens are raised annually in the US.

The best way to care for these baby birds is by providing fresh water and high-quality feed at least twice a day.

Additionally, you should ensure they have ample space to move around and access natural sunlight so their bones can grow properly.

To keep them healthy and safe from predators, be sure to maintain a clean environment free of pests or disease.

Lastly, provide enrichment activities such as perches and toys that will help stimulate physical activity as well as mental stimulation.

Are Poultry Birds Suitable For Keeping As Pets?

Poultry birds can be suitable for keeping as pets, depending on the bird and your personal preference.

Some poultry breeds are better adapted to living in a domestic environment than others and may even become quite tame with regular handling.

If you’re looking for an unusual pet that is both interesting and relatively low maintenance, chickens or other types of poultry could be right up your alley.

Is It Safe To Keep Poultry Birds In A Backyard?

As the old adage goes, ‘one man’s trash is another man’s treasure’; this certainly holds true when it comes to keeping poultry birds in your backyard.

While there are many types of poultry birds that can be kept as pets, such as chickens and turkeys, it is important to consider safety first before bringing them into your home.

The primary issues with keeping poultry birds in a backyard include potential predators, disease transmission, and noise disruption; however, if these risks can be managed properly then having a flock of feathered friends could make for an incredibly rewarding experience.

How Much Space Do Poultry Birds Need To Live In?

When it comes to how much space poultry birds need, the answer varies depending on the type of bird.

Generally speaking, larger birds such as geese or turkeys will require more room than smaller breeds like quail or chickens.

A minimum of 10 square feet per large-breed bird is recommended for a backyard setup, while 3–4 square feet should be provided per small-breed bird.

If you plan to keep multiple birds in the same enclosure, it’s important to make sure the habitat is large enough for them all to have their own space.


I. In conclusion, poultry birds can be a great addition to any backyard if the proper precautions are taken in their care and maintenance. They require daily feedings of special food formulated for them, and they need plenty of space to live comfortably. It is important to note that young chickens may require extra attention until they become accustomed to their environment.

II. Keeping poultry birds as pets is also possible, although it comes with its own set of challenges. Before bringing home any bird, you must ensure that all safety regulations have been followed and that your living space will accommodate the needs of one or more birds. If done properly, having poultry birds in your household can be very rewarding!

III. All in all, caring for poultry birds requires some knowledge and dedication on my part; however, when I take into account the joys these feathered friends bring me every day, it’s worth it! With a little patience and understanding, I’m sure anyone could find success in keeping these delightful creatures as companions.

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